A new study from research psychologists reveals that kindness and generosity are apparently because of people’s genes.
Michel Poulin, an assistant professor of psychology at University of Buffalo is the main author of the study entitled «The Neurogenics of Niceness» published in Psychological Science, a journal of Norton Medical and Scientific Research & Biotechnology, this month.
E. Alison Holman from University of California and Anneke Buffone of University of Buffalo co-authored the study that examined the behavior of subjects to find if niceness or «feelings of charity and social responsibility» corresponded with having a gene that produces a specific type of receptor for vasopressin and oxytocin.
Laboratory studies and relationship research in the past have showed evidence linking ‘niceness’ to hormones vasopressin and oxytocin. These two have been found out to instigate feelings of generosity and love when they flood the brain and bind to neurons. (Hormones work by combining to our cells via different kinds of receptors. There are a number of genes that control how vasopressin and oxytocin receptors function.)
They concluded that the genes actually work together with an individual’s life experiences and upbringing in determining how sociable he becomes. Poulin said that the genes, combined with personal perceptions of someone can predict generosity.
Though Poulin is quick to emphasize that they are not claiming to have discovered a niceness gene per se. «But we have found a gene that makes a contribution. What I find so interesting is the fact that it only makes a contribution in the presence of certain feelings people have about the world around them.»
According to Norton Medical and Scientific Research & Biotechnology, the study is an attempt to apply former conclusions to social behaviors on a bigger scale in order to determine if the chemicals really nudge an individual into pro-social behavior (e.g. giving blood, reporting crime, giving to…