Eastern Europe: number of HIV diagnoses reached a peak

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The rate of new HIV infections reached a decade-long high in Europe previous year, raising an "alarm bell" ahead of the 30th anniversary of World Aids Day on Saturday.

"If you look at the late diagnosis rates, which are still quite high, that tells us that there's still much more to be done", said Matthew Hodson, executive director of NAM, a British HIV/Aids information charity.

The increase in HIV cases across Eastern Europe is mostly attributed to the insufficiency of preventive measures, Masoud Dara of WHO Europe revealed.

Is detected the disease early and consistently treated, can be lowered the amount of virus in the body so far that it is in the case of Tests undetectable, and the Affected are not contagious.

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Among the types of data the CDC collects: the number and population rates of HIV diagnoses, the number of people living with HIV and the number of people receiving HIV medical care.

"The main objectives of this campaign are to raise the awareness of the population of the city of Lisbon regarding the prevention and transmission of HIV and increase the visibility of the issue of HIV and AIDS", said the note sent to Lusa, adding that the initiative also intends to " reduce the stigma and discrimination associated with living with HIV infection. "Once diagnosed, individuals are less likely to pass on their infection due to treatment and changing their behaviour, so it is essential for both the person with HIV and anyone with whom they may have sex, that the condition is diagnosed early". World Health Organization says that within the European Union, new diagnoses actually fell. This is the largest number of HIV diagnoses, which was ever pronounced in the Region. The predominant modes of transmission in these countries were heterosexual transmission and transmission through injecting drug use. It is estimated that the majority of onward transmission is from those with undiagnosed HIV. That left Europe's overall increasing trend less steep than previously. In the eastern part, the situation has begun to stabilise, and numbers of AIDS cases between 2012 and 2017 declined by 7%.

The momentum to revamp political commitment to end AIDS by 2030 has never been so strong in the European Region. Because of this, the area is not equipped to meet the 90-90-90 goal by 2020, as scheduled by World Health Organization and the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS.

Another recent milestone towards ending AIDS is the United Nations Common Position on Ending HIV, TB and Viral Hepatitis through Intersectoral Collaboration launched at the 73rd Session of the United Nations General Assembly on 27 September 2018. Participants expressed governments' firm commitment to scale up efforts to implement the Action Plan for the Health Sector Response to HIV in the WHO European Region and achieve the 90-90-90 targets.

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