Just in time for a slow-news Presidents' Day, the New York Times surveyed 170 political experts, plucked from the American Political Science Association, to get their take on the best-ever, worst-ever, and most mediocre-ever commanders in chief.
Trump, who ranks last on the list for greatest president, was considered the most polarizing among all parties.
The survey was conducted by Brandon Rottinghaus, a professor of political science at the University of Houston, and Justin S. Vaughn, an associate professor of political science and director of the Center for Idaho History and Politics at Boise State University. The group is comprised of scholars dedicated to studying the American presidency.
The authors said the four years since the previous survey had other changes in rankings, with James Buchanan, who was at the helm as the United States careened into civil war, benefiting from the Trump era.
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When Democrat and Republican results were combined, President Abraham Lincoln topped the list with a score of 95.03.
The president received three Fs and two Ds, scoring his highest grade in communicating with the public and his lowest on embodying institutional norms.
They were asked to rate each president on a scale of zero to 100, and then the scores were averaged together for each president. Among only Republican experts, Trump still ranks in the bottom five of all presidents.
However, self-identifying Republicans graded the 45th president higher - three Ds and two Cs.
Barack Obama, Trump's predecessor, ranked eighth-up 10 slots from 2014-with an average rating of 71.13.